Prof. Hefni Effendi Leads a Comprehensive Study of Lampung Sea Quality, Assignments from PHE OSES and KLHK
The IPB University research team conducted a comprehensive study of the marine quality inventory along the coast and sea of Lampung Province. The research, led by Prof. Hefni Effendi, was an assignment from PHE OSES (Pertamina Hulu Energi Offshore South East Sumatra). The research was also commissioned by the Directorate General of Pollution Control and Environmental Damage, Ministry of Environment and Forestry (Ditjen PPKL KLHK) to the Center for Environmental Research (PPLH) IPB University. This research has been going on since February 6, 2022 by combing the coast and sea and several islands in Lampung Province.
Referring to previous empirical experiences that have successfully conducted similar studies in Karawang, Bekasi and the Thousand Islands, Prof. Hefni Effendi, Professor of the Department of Aquatic Resources Management (MSP) IPB University, and the team have been asked three times by PHE and KLHK to conduct a study of the quality inventory. sea.
This study is a response to allegations of pollution which are predicted to be related to offshore oil and gas exploration and exploitation activities. Not only that, but the study was also conducted on the suspicion that there were a number of intensive activities taking place along the ALKI (Indonesian Archipelago Sea Channel) in the Sunda Strait.
"If there is pollution in the sea, it is necessary to carry out a thorough study of the impacts that arise and the causes of the pollution," said Prof. Hefni.
He said that a cross-skilled team of experts was needed to conduct the study. Prof. Hefni explained that this marine quality inventory study involved a number of experts including mangrove experts (Dr Dadan Mulyana), professional divers who are also experienced in studies of coral reef ecosystems and seagrass ecosystems (Dr Budhi Hascaryo Iskandar and Dr Wazir Mawardi), water quality (Mursalin Aan, MSi), coastal flora and fauna (Eko Adhiyanto, SHut), oceanography (Dr I Wayan Nurjaya), and a number of other skills such as remote sensing, socio-economic fisheries, shrimp and milkfish farming , and capture fisheries.
The Research Coordinator, Luluk Dwi Wulan Handayani, MSi (Researcher for PPLH IPB University), explained that this research also involved a number of expert assistants. He continued, the research was carried out in East Lampung Regency, South Lampung Regency, Pesawaran Regency, Tanggamus Regency and Pesisir Barat Regency.
"This study is a mandate carried out based on Government Regulation No. 22 of 2021 concerning the Implementation of Environmental Protection and Management, related to the presence of pollution both on land (onshore) and at sea (offshore)," he said.
He explained, in addition to studying the effect on biological components in the form of ecosystems, other teams also carried out studies on coastal substrates. The study was carried out by delineating sandy and rocky beaches suspected of being exposed to pollutants.
The determination of the study location was motivated by reports from the community, both fishermen, coastal tourism businesses, management of the TWNC (Tambling Wildlife Nature Conservation) and DLH (Environmental Service) conservation areas. The report contains allegations of pollution in the sea, which were verified by the KLHK team, the Environment Service, PHE OSES, and the PPLH IPB University team. In addition, this study also pays attention to the movement of pollution based on modeling with the Motum software and pays attention to the dynamics of oceanography and seasons.
Prof. Hefni Effendi, Advisory Board of PPLH IPB University explained, in this study it will be thoroughly disclosed whether or not there is an impact of pollution on ecosystem components, both biotic and abiotic in terrestrial and aquatic. He said, if there is a significant (significant) effect, then it will be quantified how big the impact is through the delineation method.
“We also searched carefully for what and who caused the pollution. Is it B3 waste (hazardous and toxic materials) or not," said Prof Hefni.
After that, he said, the polluter must pay principle will be applied. "The alleged polluter is obliged to restore contaminated land and ecosystems," added Prof. Hefni.
The IPB University lecturer continued, the recovery process and method must be formulated in the RPFLH (Environmental Function Recovery Plan) document which must be approved by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. Not only that, it is necessary to carry out a recovery process under the supervision of the Directorate General of PPKL KLHK for a certain period of time.
"After the restoration of land and ecosystems is declared successful, an SSPLT (Status Letter for the Settlement of Contaminated Land) can be issued in the form of a letter containing a statement that the handling of the restoration of the contaminated land has been completed B3 waste rice issued by the Minister," said Prof. Hefni. (*)
Published Date : 13-May-2022
Resource Person : Prof Hefni Effendi
Keyword : study of marine pollution, marine pollution, Sunda strait, Lampung beach,
SDG : SDG 14 - LIFE BELOW WATER, SDG 3 - GOOD HEALTH AND WELL-BEING, SDG 15 LIFE ON LAND