Nadzirum Mubin, IPB Young Lecturer, Described Insect Conservation Efforts
Nadzirum Mubin, SP., MSi., a young lecturer at IPB University from the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, shared information about insect conservation efforts, especially in ethno-entomology, which was organized by the Biology Student Association, Padjadjaran University. In his presentation, Nadzir explained that ethno-entomology is a science that studies the relationship between humans and insects. He said many insects had become part of social life.
He gave an example, undur-undur (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae) is a predator, but traditionally, the community uses this retreat to treat various types of diseases. Undur-undur is often consumed as a medicine for diabetes, high blood pressure, and itching. "Not only limited to being used traditionally, but many publications have also confirmed that this crab has certain substances to be used for treatment," said Nadzirum Mubin.
He continued that other traditional knowledge also mentions that insects can be used as a food source. This is because insects contain very high protein. Some insects are consumed because of their high protein content, such as sago caterpillars, cricket flour, 'botok' wasps, moth
,and grasshoppers. "Traditional knowledge is the key to preserving these insects so that the used insects are not exploited too much," he added.
While these insects have traditionally provided significant benefits, their conservation has many threats. Nadzir said that climate change, habitat loss due to land conversion, increasing agricultural productivity with the unwise use of pesticides, and insect-free trade could hinder insect conservation.
He said solutions could be found from the existing threats for each. He said that the most widely used now is the introduction of insects to early childhood. The introduction of insects from an early age gives the child the opportunity to recognize and like insects at an early age. "Introducing insects by taking a vacation to a tourist spot. Educational tours introduce butterflies, bees, and other insects to young children so that children's memories can be remembered until later adults," he said.
In addition, he continued, insect conservation can also be done through cultural or artistic performances. The generally ancient wayang art has been replaced with an insect puppet show. "By holding on to the art of wayang, the topic of the stories and wayang is changed to insects. So that insects that provide extraordinary benefits can be recognized through art media such as wayang, "said Nadzir. (IAAS/MNR)
Published Date : 24-May-2022
Resource Person : Nadzirum Mubin, SP, MSi
Keyword : insect conservation, valuable insects, insect puppets, moth larvae, undur-undur
SDG : SDG 4 - QUALITY EDUCATION, SDG 15 - LIFE ON LAND