The Chancellor of IPB University Gives Perspective and Relevance to the Agro Maritime Sector in Boosting the Economy in the New Normal Economic Era
Prof Arif Satria, Chancellor of IPB University gave a general perspective regarding the relevance of the agro-maritime agriculture sector in the new normal economic era. This he explained in the inauguration of the Central Governing Body of the Indonesian Agricultural Bachelors Association (PISPI) for the 2020-2025 period as well as the online webinar on the Great Design of Indonesian Food Sovereignty, (12/10).
According to him, the application of agro-maritime will be crucial in dealing with the three mega-disruptions. Namely climate change, the industrial revolution 4.0 and the COVID-19 pandemic, all of which have their respective impacts. The three disruptions, he continued, each have an economic model. Climate change encourages a blue and green economy, the industrial revolution 4.0 encourages a digital economy. And the pandemic is pushing for a new normal economy.
“The problem is that the pandemic is present at the time of climate change and the 4.0 industrial revolution. So this new normal economy is a hybrid of the three disruptions," he explained.
The feature of the new normal economy, according to him, is to apply the agro-maritime concept as the focus of sustainable development. The argument is that Indonesia has extraordinary natural wealth. The demand for food independence is also extraordinary to meet the stock of food needs. Agromaritime is considered to be the leading sector of the Indonesian economy.
According to him, apart from the agricultural sector, the maritime sector also needs to be touched because the world trend is increasingly leading to the strengthening of the blue economy. Considering that blue carbon is one of the important components to overcome climate change. With a blue economy, various potential natural resources can be utilized to increase economic growth.
He added that another characteristic is a community-based food system that is increasingly developing as a solution to the food crisis. In addition, the village also became the center of new growth.
It is known that 93.9 percent, most of the economic growth comes from village funds. "Our challenge now is how to push for this 6.1 percent to be expanded so that it can support (the economy). So the funds circulating in the village are not merely transfers from the center, but from how to increase the productivity of rural communities from economic activities, ” he added.
Another important feature, he said, is the gift economy, which is considered important for economic resilience. Where the value of mutual cooperation and reciprocity based on social capital is a savior during the pandemic. Likewise with the implementation of a green economy based on sustainability.
According to him, innovation as a driver of technopreneurship is the most appropriate solution. Based on the Global Innovation Index, there is a positive correlation between Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita and innovations produced by developed countries.
“The Global Talent Competitive Index also shows the same correlation. So that both indices need to be observed and increased so that Indonesia's GDP per capita also increases," he added.
According to him, innovation with several main characteristics is needed in order to become the savior of the Indonesian economy. These characteristics are based on technology 4.0 and oriented towards future practice. The innovations developed must also be environmentally friendly and provide solutions, can strengthen bioeconomic sovereignty, and be inclusive.
"So it is necessary to accelerate the process of economic transformation so that Indonesia is no longer a follower of the trends of other countries," he said.
He said that the short-term solution was aimed at protecting farmers. For example, issues related to logistics are very important to be resolved. By using the block chain method and technology 4.0, upstream and downstream can control each other. It is also necessary to expand the access of farmers, ranchers and fishermen through online marketing.
Meanwhile, the medium-term solution, he added, is aimed at food self-sufficiency. Its efforts can start from a community-based food system to agricultural innovation 4.0. With the mega-disruption, all countries are in the same starting position in the transformation to 4.0. So that the acceleration of transformation towards agriculture 4.0 becomes a necessity.
“Hopefully with this PISPI, we will be more aware that we have to increase our running speed. So that we become leaders in the process of change in this world,” he concluded. (MW/Zul) (IAAS/SYA)
Published Date : 14-Oct-2021
Resource Person : Prof Arif Satria
Keyword : disruption, agromaritime, IPB University, PISPI, new normal economy
SDG : SDG 3 - GOOD HEALTH AND WELL-BEING, SDG 4 - QUALITY EDUCATION, SDG 9 INDUSTRY, INNOVATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE