IPB University Biology Department Strengthens Basic Science of Evolutionary Biology, Mutation, and Fungi for Teachers

Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (FMIPA) IPB University is holding the first series of National Biology Deepening Webinars in 2021 for biology/Science teachers, Thursday (25/02). This activity is the result of collaboration between the Department of Biology IPB University and the Biology MGMP (Subject Teacher Conference) which is intended for GTK (Teachers and Education Personnel) Madrasah.

Head of the Department of Biology, Dr. Miftahudin said that the event was held as a commitment of the Department of Biology to continue to interact with the world of education and to be useful for all stakeholders in the development of biological sciences. Especially in the industrial era 4.0, technology is very important for teachers and students to be able to master basic sciences such as biology.

"Therefore, we have an interest in conveying this to teachers, including the progress that has been achieved so that the knowledge of biology is always up-to-date," he said.

Head of the Sub-directorate for of the Faculty of Bina Tarbiyah and Teaching (FTK) Madrasah Ibtida'iyah/Madrasah Tsanawiyah, Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, Dr. Ainurrafiq, MAg also said that this activity was an effort to develop sustainable professionalism for Mathematics and Natural Sciences teachers, especially in Madrasah Tsanawiyah.

As for the material presented, there are two topics, namely mutations and evolution as well as fungi. Material related to evolution was presented by Dr. Dedy Duryadi Solihin, a lecturer at IPB University from the Department of Biology, Division of Animal Biosystematics and Ecology. He said that the concept of evolution is well known to be very controversial even now. However, it is very interesting to investigate and verify whether this science is reliable science.

"The term organic evolution can be assessed or observed based on changes in the characteristics of an organism. This phenomenon provides information that the earth has an archive of life in the past. Evolution actually occurs due to the adaptation patterns of organisms to environmental changes. Through this learning, scientists can also predict or estimate the direction of change and new phenomena that may arise, "he said.

The effect of genetic changes in an organism over a certain period of time is the most contributing factor in the evolutionary process. The most significant changes are changes in the material in a specific organism down to the genetic level that causes genetic diversity. One of the factors that can influence changes in organic evolution is genetic mutation.

The effect of these mutations on the development of organisms in the form of abnormalities or responsiveness to environmental or adaptive changes. This adaptive phenomenon is even applied to economic or business theory.

These mutations can also be applied to the identification of the COVID-19 virus. The strategy for detecting the identity of COVID-19 is based on the shape and composition of the virus. From there, the detection of positive patients was carried out using the RT-qPCR machine.

Based on several studies, the COVID-19 virus is very different from other SARS-type viruses. The virus changes so rapidly due to mutations that some patients experience symptoms that are getting worse.

"The importance of basic biological knowledge is to become a biological revolution, by mastering the basic sciences, we can provide alternative solutions in technology that can solve problems," he said.

Meanwhile, Dr Gayuh Rahayu, a lecturer at IPB University from the Department of Biology, Division of Mycology, explained material about fungi. Dr. Gayuh hopes that the participating teachers who are present can accept the changes offered for teaching materials, because science is always developing even though it requires a long adaptation process.

She explained two subtopics, namely the current classification system for fungi and the role of fungi in relation to their benefits for humans. She also hoped that at the end of the meeting the teacher and students will be able to compare the classification of functions provided in the textbook with what was presented in the webinar.

According to her, it is related to the status of Indonesia's fungi Biodiversity, although the diversity is estimated to be up to 20 percent of the world's biodiversity. However, scientists who are involved in the field of mycology are classified as very small.

She mentioned that teaching students to quickly understand about fungi now is actually easier than in class. Students only need to be given teaching materials by involving students directly in practice so that the knowledge presented will be more attached.

The use of fungi for human needs is also very diverse, such as fermented food, the use of secondary metabolites as medicine, and future biomaterials. (MW / Zul) IAAS/AML

Published Date : 26-Feb-2021

Resource Person : Dr Miftahudin, Dr Ainurrafiq MAg, Dr Gayuh Rahayu

Keyword : Biology Deepening National Webinar, Department of Biology, FMIPA, IPB University, fungi, fungus, evolution, mutation, Biology Subject Teacher Conference