CTSS IPB University Discusses Pandemic and Food Political Economy at Transdisciplinary Tea Talk
The issue of food is an issue that continues to be in the spotlight for various parties in the world. In the Transdisciplinary Tea Talk activity organized by the Center for Transdisciplinary and Sustainability Science (CTSS), the Institute for Research and Community Service (LPPM) IPB University (25/6) discussed food economy and politics in Indonesia by presenting Laksmi Adriani Savitri as guest speaker. Chairperson of the Indonesian National Food Information and Action Network (FIAN) Council.
Head of CTSS IPB University, Prof. Dr. Damayanti Buchori explained that CTSS is a study center that was established as a place to build new discourse and discussion activities in a transdisciplinary manner. In this context, CTSS holds Transdisciplinary Tea Talk regularly every month. "At this event we are trying to invite speakers from various sectors to build dialogue together. This is a forum for two-way discussion, so the goal is to really learn and listen to build new knowledge, "he explained.
On this occasion, Laksmi explained that currently all parties are facing a global food system that is influenced by the ideas of productionism, regional specialization, trade liberalization, vertical integration, and vertical concentration. He said that one of the concepts that can read Indonesia's food condition is the concept of an international food regime. The concept of the system is a system of relations, rules and practices that formed the structure of the division of international labor and agricultural trade in world capitalism since the 1870s.
He further explained, the emergence of the current pandemic is likely related to the global food system. This happens because the global food system is generally done in monoculture, long supply chains, unequal food access, high rates of deforestation, drought and climate change issues.
"Lockdown and large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) result in logistical channels with a long supply chain that make it impossible to continue to be able to maintain food supply. Whereas on the one hand when the lockdown, the food source seekers turn to canned foods, especially vegetables, meat and fish, "he added.
So at the same time, continued Laksmi, there is a demand pressure for high value food and process food due to the breakdown of the food supply chain throughout the world. On the other hand, not absorbing agricultural products from farmers causes the price of these products to fall and has the potential to harm farmers. This supply chain breakdown has the potential to create a world hunger pandemic.
In Indonesia, this hunger case needs serious attention because based on the 2018 Global Hunger Index report, the problem of hunger in Indonesia is ranked 73 in the world with a score of 21.9 or at a serious level. Even in Southeast Asia, Indonesia's score is only better than Cambodia and Laos. Hunger counts not only mortality and lack of food, but also includes nutritional deficiencies.
In addition, the anomaly of food exports and imports also becomes a global food problem today. Because many food products are not absorbed optimally due to global supply chain breaking. (IAAS / NAS)
Published Date : 25-Jun-2020
Resource Person : Prof Dr Damayanti Buchori
Keyword : global food, CTSS IPB, COVID-19, stunting, global supply chain