A Group of IPB Researchers: the Potential of Snakehead as Antioxidants and Antihypertensives

A number of researchers of Bogor Agricultural University  (IPB), namely Dr. Mala Nurilmala, Dr. Ekowati Chasanah, and Ayu Ratih Purnamasari of the Department of Aquatic Product Technology, of the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences (FPIK IPB) said that crude protein extracts from natural and cultured Snakehead Channa striatus has antioxidant and antihypertensive potentials.

In their research program they carried jointly with researchers of the Center for Research and Development of Processing of Marine and Fishery Products and Biotechnology (BBP4BKP), the group utilized both wild snakeheads and cultures snakeheads to find potential of crude protein extracts from wild and cultured striped snakehead as antioxidant and antihypertensive.

"The purpose of this research was to know the potential of both wild and cultures snakeheads crude protein extracts as antioxidants and antihypertensives," said Dr. Mala.

According to him, snakehead fish is known that this fish is very rich in albumin, a type of important protein. Human body needs Albumin every day, especially in the process of healing the wounds. Fish meat or protein extracts have been utilized to increase the levels of albumin in the blood and help cure some diseases. This fish also includes commodities with high economic value. In addition, cork has potential as a biofarmaka because of its complete protein constituent components, accelerating the healing of infectious diseases, and increased levels of albumin, as well as anti-inflammatory.

Snakehead fish and other seafood contain long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), which are essential nutrients. The most biologically active omega-3 fatty acids are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Both have been shown to have multiple beneficial effects, including improving childhood development when ingested during pregnancy. In addition, snakehead fish is also potential as an antihypertensive because of its protein content, and supports antioxidant activity because it has mineral content of zinc, copper, and iron in the body

"So far, most Snakehead fish we consume are caught directly from nature. However, culture of Snakehead has been in practice in Indonesia, the program has been carried to  maintain the sustainability of its availability in nature," she said.

The results showed that the protein concentration of cultured Snakehead is higher than the wild Snakehead fish. Their antioxidant activity is also higher than wild one.  Cultivated fish also have ACE inhibitory values (for antihypertensive assays) that are higher than the wild fish.

"The research revealed that that both wild as well as the cultured snakehead fishes have the antioxidant ability, although its concentration is low. Both also have antihypertensive with a strength of 1:10 compared to the commercial antihypertensive drugs captopril," she said. (Wied)

Published Date : 14-Mar-2018

Resource Person : Dr. Mala Nurilmala dan Dr. Ekowati Chasanah, serta Ayu Ratih Purnamasari

Keyword : A Group of IPB Researchers: the Potential of Snakehead as Antioxidants and Antihypertensives